Wisdom & Reason

Concept of Wisdom

[[Extract from Apostasy]]

Whence then is wisdom found?

And of what kind is the place of understanding?…

God has well ordered the way of it, and He knows the place of it…

And He said to man: Behold, godliness is wisdom,

and to abstain from evil is comprehension…

{Job 28:12, 20, 23, 28}

οτι χωρις εμου ου δυνασθε ποιειν ουδεν

…Apart from Me, you are not able to do anything…

{John 15:5}

Concept of wisdom facilitates understanding of the phenomenon of apostasy, because the actual meaning of apostasy is negation of wisdom and rejection of knowledgeΣ39: the first target of an apostate is the knowledge embodied into a particular order/system, with which the religious or other establishment has been built, and which the apostate seeks to destroy. Original (initial) wisdom and knowledge provided by the theological foundation and embodied into the original (initial) system, is the main target which the apostates either seek to destroy or endanger by their presence.

From another angle of consideration, apostasy might be envisioned as the means of destruction of a system that


was created within the false knowledge frameworkΣ41 that is inconsistent with the nature of the world


degenerated, so its cohesive powerΣ156, which maintains the wholenessΣ378life of the system,

became insufficient and incapable of sustaining the system’s survival

If a ruler/leader becomes an apostate, he inevitably initiates collapseΣ567 of his establishment/system, because he is deprived of wisdom, which in this case, might be seen as the power to secure survival and prosperity–development–evolutionΣ81 of his establishment.

If any establishment/system has no ability to identify the danger of apostasy and cannot prevent it, the observerΣ65 should conclude that apostates are the destroyers that exterminate systems controlled by those who are deprived of wisdom, and therefore do not possess potency of survivalΣ542.

What, then, is wisdom?

In my opinion, among all religious and philosophical doctrines, which sustained all civilizations of the Past and the Present, only the Christian teachingsΣ308 provides the comprehensive answer to this question.

Christian teachings is granted by the Holy Wisdom – by the Word–God, Lord Jesus Christ Who is Αγια Σοφια, Λογος, through Whom all that exists comes into being. Wisdom of God is revealed as the Omnipotent life–creating Power that, with the Divine Energy, actualizes the Divine Law – will of God.

Then, the meaning of wisdom should be envisioned as an embodiment of the Absolute GoodΣ1 – the Law and Power and Love and Perfection – of God the Almighty into His creations and presence of the Divine power in the beings created by God. From such a point of view, the mind might comprehend wisdom as the unity of the law, the energy, and the power that creates and maintains life, as the harmony of cohesion that evokes the order from the chaos and creates the establishments/systems/realitiesΣ539, through which the mindΣ547

a/ accomplishes its mission within the evolving world

b/ evolves by achieving its purposesΣ529.

Within the world of men, wisdom and evolution are inseparable.

Hence, the first attributes of Wisdom of God, which are revealed to the human mind, are

1) the LawΣ7, according to which life – temporal and eternal – is ignited

2) the Power to create beings capable of eternal existence without degeneration, collapse and disintegration.

Consequently, wisdom of a human being is the state of empowerment, when a human being, who has been receiving the Divine Energy, who knows the Law of God, and who is following the Law of God, becomes

the one who is following the reasoning of Christ {δε νουν Χριστου εχομεν 1 Corinthians 2:15–16}

[[traditional translation of ημεις δε νουν Χριστου εχομεν {in: 1 Corinthians 2:16}, where νουν is a derivative of νοος intelligence, reasoning, mind, and εχομεν – interpreted as “have,” is “we have/possess the mind of Christ” [R]. Christ is the Word–God; humans are not capable of having the mind–thoughts–ways of God {Isaiah 55:8–11}. Besides, to ascribe to a human being attributes of God is blasphemy. Obviously, the translation is inadequate. Indeed, the word εχομεν should not be interpreted as a derivative of εχω (to have) from primary verb σχεω – to hold; εχομεν is a shortened form of εχομενως, which conveys meanings of contiguity, following something, close connection, proximity. Strict meaning of ημεις δε νουν Χριστου εχομεν is “we just/exactly the reasoning of Christ follow”]]

the co–worker of God – Θεου γαρ εσμεν συνεργοι {1 Corinthians 3:9}, who is the God’s field and God’s building/construction – Θεου γεωργιον, Θεου οικοδομη {1 Corinthians 3:9} – the space/world prepared for the works of God

the creator of works that actualize the will of God within the world given into the dominion of man {John 14; 15; 16; 17; 1 Corinthians 3:9}.

Wisdom might be also defined as comprehension of the Law of God and the subsequent ability to observe the Law: to live according to the Law of God, to embody the Law of God into daily life – the reality of own existence. As such, wisdom initiates and sustains human evolution, which is the process of transformation into the immortal child of God destined for the eternity in the presence of God.

In brief,

at the level of the human mind, wisdom is the power that enables the mind

a/ to comprehend the Law of God that controls existence of the world

b/ to create invincible establishments/systems for achievement of the purposes that actualize the will of God within the human world

c/ to accomplish own evolution, for instance, as development–achievement of the maximal potency of reasoning, comprehension and creation of knowledge

wisdom is the power that

enables and sustains survival and evolution of the human mind

makes possible successful accomplishment of the purposes,

for the sake of which the mind creates systems and realities –

societies, kingdoms, states, empires, civilizations, and other establishments


α. Since the beginning of times, when the people speak of wisdom – σοφια, they speak either of Wisdom of God or of wisdom of man. So, the word wisdom denotes

the Power, with which God created the universe: the Holy Wisdom of God – Αγια Σοφια, Λογος, revealed to men as the Word–God Who explained God the Creator to man – God’s creation {John 1:1–18; 3; 6:28–63; 8:31–36; 10; 11:1–44; 14; 15; 16; 17; 1 Peter 1; 2; 1 John; Ephesians 1; 2; Revelation 1; 21:5–7; Proverbs 8; 9:1–6; Wisdom}

the power of intellect–reasoning–mindΣ11, with which a human being sustains own survival and development and evolves into the immortal being destined for the eternity in the presence of God.

Human wisdom is the state/existence of a being connected with God and absorbing the power/energy that God gives to His creations. Wisdom is the state of being empowered with the Divine Energy [[as it is said in: Psalm 17(18):2Κυριε ισχυς μου – the Lord my strength/power/might]], which is coming from God and which is initiating/igniting the human reasoning and enabling its normal operation.

Therefore, to be wise means to love God and to be loved by God {John 14:23; 17}:

a) to have the energy and the power, which the Νους – the “depths of human soul” or the core of human essence (soul–heart–mindΣ11) receives from God

b) to be able to transform the power/wisdom and the divine energy of creation/knowledge received by the intellect – Νους into the work of διανοια – the mind

c) to have unimpaired consciousness/thinking/reasoning/faculty of deliberation γνωμαφρονημαλογισμος – operating according to the nature: a conceptual, logical, reasoning faculty, through which a human being

a/ interprets and analyzes the information coming through the Αισθητηρια Οργανα – sensory facility

b/ imagines things, creates and accepts knowledge of the world of the matter,

evaluates it with the criteria provided by the overall framework of reasoning (the good and the evil)

c/ enables transmission–sharing–communication of such knowledge

d) to be able to apply the entirety of knowledge for own mental and physical survival, for maintenance of the part of the world that is given into own dominion, and for accomplishment of the purposes of own existence: survival and development/evolution–preparation for the eternity in the Kingdom of God

β. The words and actions of Lord Jesus Christ, which reveal operations of the divine energies {John 3:3–21; 4:23–24; 6:32–63; 9:1–7; 10:1–30; 14; 15; 16; 17; Matthew 20:1–16; Mark 16:15–18; Luke 6:19; 7:21–22; 12:42–49; 24:49}, explain the meaning of wisdom [[also, explicated by St. Paul the Apostle {in: Romans 8; 1 Corinthians 2:12–16; 12} and, subsequently, by St. Gregory Palamas in his concept of divine energiesΣ322]].

Wisdom, then, might be seen as the set of abilities of the one who has faithΣ127 and who therefore can see beyond the limits of the world of the structured matter and material things [[that is to perceiveΣ515 the essence of things, events, phenomena]]. If these abilities are enabled, the one may perceive the energy and power coming from God through the Word–God and with the Holy Spirit sent in His Name, and to work by them:

a/ to receive, to accept, and to assume the energy and the power, that is to be enabled to possess the power and empowered to deal with the energy received from God

b/ to transform the energy and the power into own thoughts – the energy entities or codes of systems, which, if embodied into the material structures and objects of the world of the matter, sustain life and evolution of mankind

c/ to embody the energy and the power into words, concepts, material structures and objects intended to sustain life and development of the others.

Wisdom accompanies Θεοσεβεια – godliness, which is also the natural condition of man. As Moses explained, the Law/Word of God is not hidden behind the sea, it is not in the sky, and it is not in the power of someone to bring it and to make it work for all the others; the Law/Word of God is within the heart of man to fulfill it. Only the choice of man – to observe the Law of God or to violate it {Deuteronomy 29:10–29; 30:1–21} – determines the human destiny:

either blessingsΣ214

of life in dignity according to the human nature

or cursesΣ215

of degeneration and ruin because of perversion of the human nature

Observance of the Law enables the one to comprehend the essence of the law. Comprehension of the Law

a/ reveals the true nature of man as an embodiment and a function of the Law

b/ enables understanding of the inevitability of “blessings” and “curses”, of which Moses warned {Deuteronomy 28; 29; 30}, when he offered his tribesmen a choice between life (because of observance of the law of God) and death (because of violation of the Law of God)

γ. Wisdom is a natural component of human nature created in image and after likeness of God, the state/condition of intellect, which reveals itself through the ability to accept the life–sustaining energy and power coming from God and to embody them into own life/actuality/universe; for instance, to accept, to absorb–assimilate, to create, and to apply knowledge necessary for creating, maintaining, and using systems and establishments, with which a human being sustains life, accomplishes purposes, and evolves for the next phase of existence. In other words, wisdom is an ability to accomplish the works of God, for the sake of which a human being has been created.

Consequently, the greatest wisdom of a human being, who wants 1/ to survive in the temporal world until he accomplishes his mission and 2/ to obtain the everlasting life in the eternal kingdom of God, might be envisioned as the persistent focusing on preservation of the connection with God, through which the human being receives the energy of life, so the flow of the energy of life would never be interrupted. Preservation of such a connection demands internal stability and constancy of the main/core values, which define the human essence and sustain evolution as advancement in the way to God. The core values are determined by the Absolute GoodΣ1 – the attribute of God revealed to His creations. The derivatives of the Absolute Good at the level of human mind include unwavering steadfast faith, loyalty to God, observing of His commandments – all that defines life according to the law of God

δ. For the Old Testament people, who did not have complete knowledge of the Word–God, faith was the only condition, with which man could obtain wisdom and to evolve according to the purposes of the first phase of evolution initiated by knowledge of the Law – The Ten Commandments. Faith in the only One God {Exodus 20:1–6; Deuteronomy 6:4–6} was the only foundation, on which the mind could be inaccessible for iniquities, corruption, and conversion into idol–worship {e.g., in: Hebrews 11:1–39; Psalm 17(18):2; 143(144):1–2}.

For the New Testament people, faithΣ127 became the definition of life. With faith, a Christian accepts the main commandments of Lord Jesus Christ, the Word–God, and learns to keep, to observe, and to embody them into own thoughts, words, and deeds. These commandments are love to God, love to neighbor, imitation of the mercy, perfection, and love of God. Through observance of the commandments, a Christian becomes accustomed to live by God and in God, and to love the others as God loves him {in: Matthew 5:17–48; 6; 7; 19:16–26; 22:36–40; Mark 12:29–34; Luke 6:27–49; 10:27–37; John 13:34; 14; 15; 16; 17}.

Then, as St. Peter the Apostle writes {2 Peter 1:2–12}, God gives all things pertaining to life and godliness with the full/completeΣ20 knowledge of Lord God Jesus Christ Who is calling us through His glory and excellence {2 Peter 1:3}. Then, the one needs diligence – perseverance and consistency, which shall enhance by correlating–bringing together in faith {σπουδην πασαν παρεισενεγκαντες, επιχορηγησατε εν τη πιστει2 Peter 1:5} virtue with knowledge, with knowledge – self–control, with self–control – patience, with patience – godliness, and then, love to the others. Diligence in faith and in observance of the commandments of God protects from failure and opens entrance into the everlasting kingdom of God.

St. Peter also speaks of the state of knowing: having been unmoved (sustained) in the Truth that is present {ειδοτας, και εστηριγμενους εν τη παρουση αληθεια – 2 Peter 1:12}. Such state of knowing might be defined also as perception of presence of the Word–God

Who is της πιστεως Αρχηγον και Tελειωτην – the Author/Chief of faith

{Hebrews 12:2}

Who gives the unwavering faith, which sustains the permanent abilities

a/ to steadfastly observe the words of God

b/ to dutifully obey the commandments of God

c/ to embody the commandments of God into own existence

Who completes, makes perfect, consummates faith

In the referred above texts, St. Peter the Apostle describes a new creation – the spiritual being–likeness of God the Creator Who revealed Himself as The One Who remains The Same, although the heavens – His creations – shall perish and shall be changed {Psalm 101(102):25–27}, and Whose Law is to be fulfilled completely: until the heavens and the earth pass away, in no way shall one iota or one line (κεραια) pass away from the law until all things happen {in: Matthew 5:17–18}.

In other words, with wisdom that gives complete understanding of the law and knowledge of God and through imitation of the perfection of God, within the temporal structured material world that accommodates temporal existence of a human being as the unity of the spirit/soul/mind–matter/flesh/bodyΣ11, the mind evolves into an invincible and indestructible system established with two system–creating powers acting at two levels of complexity:

by the Divine Power that acts through the knowledge of God and Lord Jesus Christ

{in: John 17:3}


with the unwavering faith, diligence, steadfastness, and perseverance of a human being

{2 Peter 1:1–12},

who is focused on God, who lives by faith in God,

and who embodies the law and knowledge of God into own life

For such a being, violations of the law of God (that is degeneration and perversion of own nature), sins against God and His creations, and apostasy are not possible {e.g., 1 John 3:1–24}.

Hence, apostasy could be possible only for those who have difficulties with understanding of the law and knowledge of God as well as the insufficient faith (if any). Only those, who themselves have not cognized wisdom that only God gives, are capable of apostasy; only they can attempt to eradicate wisdom and to destroy the order of material things that is embodiment of wisdom

ε. The one might comprehend the tragedy of those who deprived themselves of the ability to receive from God the energy of life, if the one knows that this energy sustains:

1/ temporal physical life as an ability to keep wholenessΣ378 of the spirit/mind–flesh, or soul/heart/mind–body, or in other words, to have overall mental and physical health during the time at the earth

2/ spiritual life as a process of evolving into the immortal beingΣ33 who will be enabled to enter the presence of God and to dwell with Him through the eternity.

Hence, the first result of apostasy is spiritual deathΣ510: the broken connection of man with his Creator, and therefore, deprivation the human mind of the life–sustaining energy of God, that is absence of wisdom that sustains life of man and operations of his creations.

If the connection with God is broken, and the life–sustaining energy comes no more, a human being descends at the lower levels of complexityΣ46, at which physical and mental degenerationΣ50 are possible and therefore, are initiated. Then, although the body might be fed with food (energy supplied by the temporal material structures) and its physical life might continue awhile, the spiritual hunger and thirst pervert the human essence – soul–heart–mindΣ11 – and make it incapable of existence in the presence of God.

Lord Jesus Christ referred to such a process, when He warned His disciples that without Him, they are not empowered – they can do nothing!, and those, who are not in Him, become the cut off withered branches that will be collected and thrown into the fire {John 15:1–6}.

In summary,

a) if a human being desires to live according to the law of God, consistently with the human nature, and if he is focused on cognition of God, he may be enabled to receive the energy of life from God the Creator

b) if a human being rejects the knowledge of God and violates the law of God, he perverts own nature and loses the ability to receive the energy of life from God the Creator; then, without access to the energy of life, he “starves” into the useless “withered branch” {in: John 15:4–6} incapable to serve the purposes of God and unable to do the works of God for the sake of which a human being has been created

c) if a human being is the useless “withered branch” incapable to serve the purposes of God and unable to do the works of God, for the sake of which he has been created, he becomes the one in whom there is no place for the words of God, and who, therefore, is not of God. Such one is a servant of the arch–evil/devil and thus, is the subject to the law of death: the matter/dust, the food of the evil, on which the “wrath” of God (death) remains {Genesis 3:15; John 3:36; 8:37–44; η οργη του Θεου μενει επ’ αυτον – John 3:36}

ζ. The first symptoms of the spiritual death [[as separation from God and issuing inability to perceive and accept the Divine – life–sustaining – energy of God followed with progressing spiritual–and mental degeneration]] include an inability to create.

However, millions of people, who do not have faith in God and who do not live by His law, create multitudes of things: write books, make movies and pieces of art, establish, maintain, and ruin new states, business and political empires, design technical gadgets and means of technical progress, invent new weapons, and so on.

Education, scientific research, manufacturing and processes that sustain life of societies, states, and nations never stop: the people incessantly consume earth resources and produce from them new products and services, which are consumed also incessantly.

What then, is this creative ability, the ability to do the works of the Word–God, of which God tells His followers {in: John 14:12; 15:1–7}, and which does not exist for those who do not observe His commandments and therefore, who do not live in God and by God?

To answer this question, the one should

1/ evaluate the vitality and overall usefulness of the creations/arrangements of men, what they bring to the others – the good or the evil, how long they last, and what kind of purposes people accomplish through them. In other words, he needs to answer the question:

do these visible material evidences of designing, manufacturing

and other kinds of apparently creative works have the actual value

for achievement of the main purposes of each human being:

evolution and obtaining the everlasting life?

2/ analyze the concept of the human reason created by the Christian – Greek Orthodox – theologians (V–XIV centuries).

Concept of Human Reason: Theological Foundation

οτι χωρις εμου ου δυνασθε ποιειν ουδεν

…Apart from Me, you are not able to do anything…

{John 15:5}

Lord Jesus Christ, Who is Λογος – the Word–God, and Αγια Σοφια – the Holy Wisdom of God with Whom and through Whom God creates, Who came to actualize the universal unavoidable and unchangeable Law {Matthew 5:17–18; Luke 16:16–17; John 1:1–3, 10; Proverbs 8:22–31; Ephesians 1:3–4, 10; 2:10}, tells His disciples that without Him, they are able of nothing {John 15:5: οτι χωρις εμου ου δυνασθε ποιειν ουδεν – apart of Me, not empowered to do, nothing}. He came down from the Heaven to do the will of God the Father {with Whom He is One – John 10:30} at the earth, and this will is that everyone perceiving the Son and believing in Him shall be resurrected and shall have the life everlasting. God the Father is in Him, and He is in the Father; He is the Way, the Truth, and the Life; the knowledge of Him and knowledge of God the Father – knowledge that Lord Jesus Christ gives – is the everlasting life, and all who come to God, come only through Him, through the Word–God {John 5:24–30; 6:38–40, 44–47; 11:25–26; 12:44–50; 14:6–12; 17:3, 6–8}. He and Father is One – the Absolute, the Source of life {John 5:24–27; 10:30; 17:2–3, 17–26}, Who creates and gives and sustains life.

Hence, the acts of the Word–God, Λογος, Αγια Σοφια, reveal the unity of the Law/will and the Power and the Energy that gives everlasting life, enables to create, and enables to accomplish: to bring the fruits – the deeds of love {John 15:1–16; Matthew 21:33–39; Isaiah 5:1–7}. Only the one, who abides in the Word–God and loves Him by keeping His commandments, receives the power to act according to the will of God: to do His works {John 14:11–14} – the deeds of love that serve the life.

To act according to the will of God and to do His works means

to know God

to be able to identify and to accomplish

the universal unavoidable and unchangeable Law

explained by the Word–God in His words and commandments

to embody the Law into own thoughts, words, and deeds – into the reality of own existence

{Matthew 5:17–18, 48; Luke 6:36; 16:16–17;

John 1:1–18; 13:34–35; 14:6–14, 23–28; 15; 16; 17}

Cognition of God – comprehension of the Absolute Good of God – should be confirmed through embodiment of the obtained knowledge into the one’s life: the life of mind and the life of body.

Accomplishment of the ultimate purposes, for the sake of which every human being comes into the world [[these purposes include to find God – that is to save own soul: to be born of God, and to obtain the everlasting life]], starts with an ability to hear and to perceive–comprehend the words of God: to have the place within [[χωρει εν υμινJohn 8:37, where χωρει is a derivative of χωρα (χωρη) – space, place, position, settings]] for the words of God, so the life–giving words of God that the Spirit is and the life are {πνευμα εστι και ζωη εστινJohn 6:63} would work for the good of man preparing him for the eternal life {in: John 6:47, 62–63, 68–69; 8:37, 43, 51; 10:27–30}.

In other words, all begins, if the Word–God initiates life of the one’s intellect–heart–mind, so, for instance, the one could make the immediate inferences from the words of God, starting with understanding that the one may become the likeness of the Word–God by accomplishing commandments of God, by cognition of the Absolute Good of God, and by imitating God; then, he might be enabled to enter the eternity in the presence of God {John; 1 John; 2 Peter 1}.

When Lord God Jesus Christ speaks of the first great commandment, He mentions three components of human essence; by the entirety (εν ολη) of each one of them a human being should love God: heart (τη καρδια), soul (τη ψυχη), and mind (τη διανοια) {Matthew 22:37–38; Mark 12:29–30}.

In The Gospel According to Mark, one more component is named: εξ ολης τυς ισχυος, which is translated “with all your strength” {Mark 12:30} [[the same is also in Luke 10:25–27, where a person knowing the law – νομικος – speaks of his perception of the greatest commandment of God]].

The word ισχυος conveys also meaning of abilities as forcefulness, the power to act [[possession with an ability is inseparable from possession with the power; if a person is able, it means that he has the power to act]], steadfastness (especially, as the strength of mind), might, and invincibility.

The entire set of the meanings of ισχυος allows comprehension of the logical block εξ ολης τυς ισχυος as “from/out of the wholeness of might/abilities/power,” therefore, as an actualization of the very life/being. The ισχυος as the power, which is enabling operations of soul, heart, and mind and their synergy [[that is, in fact, the cohesive powerΣ156]], unifies the components of the human essence (soul–heart–mind) into the wholeness: the purposeful focused entity that lives by the love of God.

In other words, it might be said that, in his love to God, a human being is empowered to exist as the entirety–unity of heart–soul–mind focused on God; for instance, when David speaks to God Who saved him from his enemy, he speaks of his love to God, Who is his might/power and his foundation, connecting love of a human being–creature to the power and might of God the Creator {Psalm 17(18)}: Αγαπησω Σε, Κυριε ισχυς μου. Κυριος Στερεωμα μου, και καταφυγη μου, και Ρυστης μουI love Thee, O Lord, my strength. The Lord is my firmament [[στερεωμαΣ18]], and my refuge, and my Deliverer.

One of the attributes of God revealed to man is His absolute power over His creations – the power of the Almighty Spirit {Exodus; Deuteronomy; Zachariah 4:6; John 4:24} before Whom all armies, weapons, and other components of human “might” are the particles of dust.

Then, St. John the Apostle conveys the words of God concerning the state of being–existing–dwelling in love of God, and he writes about the Word–God as about the world–saving Love {John 3:16–17; 15:4–6; 17:21–26; 1 John 4:8–17}. The world might be saved only by the power of God Who created it: God the Almighty Love is also the Omnipotent Absolute Power, and, for a human being, to love God means to live.

The key to understanding of the inseparable connection of love to God, power, and life is in the words of the Lord:

– “As loved Me the Father, I also love you; stay (be placed) in love – Me (μεινατε εν τη αγαπη τη Εμη). If you keep (fulfill) My commandments, you will dwell in love of Me, as I have kept (accomplished) the command of My Father and dwell (μενω – to stay, to dwell, to remain, to be unmoved in, to be unchangeable) in love of Him {John 15:9–10}

– “apart of Me, are empowered of nothing (ου δυνασθε)” {John 15:5}.

Therefore, when the one speaks of Lord God Jesus Christ {John 1:1–4, 9–10; 9:5; 10:30; 14; 15; 16; 17; 1 John}, the Son of God, the Word–God, Λογος, Αγια Σοφια, Who is the Light and the Way and the Truth and the Life, through Whom all that exist came into existence, and Who is One with the Father, the one also speaks of Love as of the Power that creates and sustains life, for instance, ignites life–wisdom of a human essence: soul–heart–mind.

On the basis of The Gospel According to John and other texts of the Holy Scriptures, the Christian – Greek Orthodox – theologians [Maximus the Confessor, Thalassios the Libyan, Symeon New Theologian, Gregory the Theologian, John of Damascus, Gregory of Sinai, Gregory of Nyssa, Gregory Palamas, and the others, in: Philokalia; One Hundred and Fifty Chapters; and the others] composed the concept of human intellect, intelligence, wisdom, and knowledge.

In the contemporary terms, the inferences from this concept include

a supposition that human wisdom is the unity of the will, ability, and power to create the good according to the will of God: to cognize/comprehend knowledge, which instructs the evolving mind, and then, to embody the acquired knowledge into own way of life and into the world, which sustains human existence; therefore, to accomplish the purposes for the sake of which a human being has been created

understanding that a human being might be described as the wholeness – the unity of soul (spirit, heart), intelligence (mind), and body (matter, flesh). The essence of man – the inner man – is soul–heart–mind, which carries the image and likeness of God.

The Greek theologians discerned three parts/components of the human essence, or it might be said that they assumed that the soul–heart–mind operates at three levels: intellect – νους, reason/intelligence – διανοια, and the reasoning, or the faculty of deliberation – γνωμαφρονημαλογισμος [[see Chart 1. The Mind in Note 13]].

The intellect – νους is the highest level of human essence, or “the depths of soul” or the core of “the heart” in different works of the theologians, or, in the contemporary terms, the cognizing core/center that carries the life – the power (received from God) to initiate and to control/maintain operations/functioning of a being as the unity of the soul–spirit, mind–wisdom–knowledge, and matter–body–flesh.

By νους, the mind recognizes, loves, and knows God – Λογος, and receives from God the Creator the spiritual knowledge – γνωσις and wisdom – σοφια. Both – γνωσις and σοφια – are the gifts of God, with which God’s Love heals, purifies, leads through the path of evolution, and perfects His creation.

The spiritual knowledge – γνωσις – might be envisioned as a result of silent contemplation of God by νους – the core/essence of soul–heart–mind. During this state, the mind absorbs the divine energy of creation, which sustains life.

Hence, wisdom – σοφια – might be described as the state–condition–being–existence of being connected with God and absorbing the power/energy, or the state of being empowered with the Divine Energy {as it is said in: Psalm 17(18):2Κυριε ισχυς μου the Lord my strength/power/might}, which is coming from God and which is enabling the human reason/mind:

Wisdom evokes and empowers life of the reason

Wisdom makes possible cognition of God’s creations,

comprehension of the nature of the world, nature of its inhabitants,

and human nature

Wisdom sustains development/evolution of man and his world

and enables to set the purposes and to accomplish them

The Reason/Intelligence – διανοια is the state–being of cognition, in which the divine energy of creation received from God is transformed into the human thoughts and human knowledge. Διανοια is translated as the mind {Matthew 22:37}.

It is the ancient prophecy: “I will make a new covenant… I will surely put My laws into their mind and write them on their hearts; and I will be to them God, and they shall be to Me a people. And they shall not teach every one his fellow citizen, and every one his brother saying: Know the Lord; for all shall know Me from the least of them to the greatest of them, for I will be merciful to their iniquities, and their sins I will remember no more” {Jeremiah 38:31–36; also ref. in: Hebrews 10:15–17}.

The prophesy has been fulfilled, when Lord Jesus Christ established the new covenant by His Blood {Matthew 26:27–28; Mark 14:24; Luke 22:20; 1 Corinthians 11:23–25} and promised to send the Holy Spirit from God the Father to those who love Him by observing His commandments: when the Holy Spirit comes, He teaches all according to the will of God {John 14:15–26; 15:26; 16:13–15}.

Since, as St. John the Apostle writes {1 John 2:3–29; 3:1–24; 4:1–21; 5:1–5, 19–21; 2 John 6, 9}, the Christians

love God by observing His commandments

know that they cognized God by observing His commandments

know that their sins are forgiven

for the sake of the Name of Lord Jesus Christ, the Son of God, the Word–God

through faith in Lord Jesus Christ, overcome the world of the evil

love their brethren and keep themselves out of the evil and sin,

making the evil irrelevant to their soul–heart–mind and body:

to their thoughts, words, and actions

recognize God’s presence through the presence of the Holy Spirit,

because He came and gave them the Light and the intelligence to cognize True God

and to abide in His Son – Jesus Christ, Who is the True God and Life everlasting

by adhering to and abiding in the teachings of Christ,

they have God – the Father and the Son

The ancient Israelites were told that a human being shall not live on bread alone, but on every word of God {Deuteronomy 8:3; Luke 4:4}. Lord Jesus Christ came to give Himself, the Word–God, as the Daily Bread of immortality {John 6:30–58}.

Since, by the Word–God the soul–heart–mind of a Christian lives, and through Him, obtains the gifts of the Holy Spirit, which for a Christian are more precious than all treasures and values of the physical life. The true – actual – life of man is life of his spirit, and not life of flesh, because Lord God Jesus Christ said: it is the Spirit that makes alive; the flesh does not profit – nothing! The words that the Word–God gives the Spirit is and life are {John 6:63}; by them, a Christian lives.

Consequently, the one can infer that Νους and Διανοια compose the inner space where the promise of God is actualized into the reality of human life and the referred above ancient prophecy {Jeremiah 38:31–36}, as well as others concerning human evolution as the ascent to God, might be fulfilled.

A human being has to prepare the place/space/field {χωρει εν υμινJohn 8:37; Θεου γεωργιον1 Corinthians 3:9} for the wisdom/power coming from God: this place/space/field is the human essence – the soul–heart–mind, or the inner man {of whom St. Peter the Apostle and St. Paul the Apostle write: ο κρυπτος της καρδιας ανθρωπος – the hidden heart of man, in: 1 Peter 3:4, and the inner man who is being renewed ο εσωθεν ανακαινουταιday by day, while the outer man (body of flesh) is being decayed, in: 2 Corinthians 4:16}, or briefly, the mind.

From the Gospels and writings of the Apostles, the one can infer a distinction between

the outer man – a perceivable material object, a man of flesh that is aged, decayed, and with each day is closer to return into the dust, from which man was taken {Genesis 3:20}


the inner man – the soul–heart–mind that is in a process of preparing for the eternity with God and is being renewed/evolves – into the immortal being.

The difference between them is the difference

a/ between

life by the material values – materialismΣ112, which sustain the temporal existence

within the world of structured and disintegrating matter:

life, which is a precursor of the eternal separation from God


life by the spiritual values, mercy, and love in imitation of the Absolute Good of God

explained by Lord Jesus Christ, the Son of God:

life, which is a precursor of the eternal life in the presence of God

b/ between

the one who is focused on the material perceivable objects

and discards the inner (unseen) essence


the one who considers the unseen (spiritual) and everlasting,

and not the seen/perceivable (material things), which is temporary and perishing,

in whom the inner man

{in: 1 Peter 3:4; 2 Corinthians 4:16}

who initially, as all living beings, lives by the breath of life coming from God

{Genesis 2:7}

ultimately, might evolve into the one living by the Holy Spirit

{in: John 11:25–26; 14:15–26; 17;

1 Peter; 2 Peter; 1 John; 1 Corinthians 15:34–58}

c/ between

the mind that lives by figments of human imagination (myths and idols)

and worship own creations (idols and myths embodied into human establishments)


the mind that lives by the Word–God and worships God the Spirit

in spirit and truth

{John 4:23–24; 6:44–47; 14:6–7}

The Word–God creates the foundation – στερεωμα, the firmament of the new world {Genesis 1:6; James 1:18; 1 Peter 1:23–25} within the human essence and gives the knowledge of God that is the everlasting life: on the στερεωμα, by the Holy Spirit, the immortal child of God is created–built–established with knowledge of God, Power of God, and Energy issuing from God {in: Psalm 103(104):30Εξαποστελεις το Πνευμα Σου και κτισθησονται – Thou shall send forth Thy Spirit and they shall be created( established/made); Psalm 17(18):1–2: Αγαπησω Σε, Κυριε ισχυς μου. Κυριος στερεωμα μου I love Thee, O Lord, my strength. The Lord is my firmament; John 1:1–4, 12–13; 3:5–6; 7:37–39; 16:13–15; Ephesians 2:19–22}.

Consciousness/Thinking/Reasoning/Faculty of Deliberation γνωμαφρονημαλογισμος, which, in secular studies, often is referred simply as the mind, is a conceptual, logical, reasoning faculty, through which a human being creates knowledge of the world, imagines things, and enables transmission–sharing–communication of such knowledge.

However, the consciousness–thinking–reasoning might be also envisioned as just a function of διανοια: as a channel, which connects διανοια with the sensory faculty and the world of the matter. The consciousness–thinking–reasoning operates with the knowledge created by διανοια and with information created by the functions of the flesh/matter and received through the senses – Αισθητηρια Οργανα.

In other words, the senses are the channels, through which information identifying parameters of the matter flows. This information sustains connection of διανοια with the world: the senses supply the mind with information, which is necessary for existence, orientation, evaluation, achievement of the purposes, development/evolution of the soul–heart–mind and survival of a body–flesh within the world of the matter.

In summary,

The human reason is a certain manifestation of the Divine Creative Energy–Will–Power coming from Λογος/Αγια Σοφια, the Word–God, that creates the human mind and sustains its existence within the world of material things. Through human mind, the energy given by God enters the world and, having been embodied into arrangements of the temporary stabilized matter, enables survival and development–evolution of the material world.

In other terms, the human reason is actualization of Λογος at the level that controls and enables operations of the material world given into the dominion of men.

In 1 Corinthians 2:6–16, St. Paul the Apostle writesΣ217 concerning the Holy Wisdom given by the Holy Spirit, the power of God, which is the foundation of faith, and of intelligence, reason, mind of those who just/exactly follow the reasoning of Christ {δε νουν Χριστου εχομεν 1 Corinthians 2:15–16}. Such exact following the reasoning of Christ – Λογος/Αγια Σοφια is actualization of the power of God by a new being, a certain firstfruit of His creations born by the Word of Truth: the inner man/human essence – soul–heart–mind that is created in image of the Word–God and that operates according to the nature defined by the image of the Word–God and likeness {James 1:17–18; 1 Peter 1:13–25; 1 John 3:1–2; Ephesians 2:1–10}.

Only when the human mind receives the Divine Energy from God and operates as manifestation of Λογος, with the power (wisdom) received from God and according to the law–will of God, a human being might be referred to as to an intelligent being: the one who

possesses the power of reason

according to the nature of man created in image of God and likeness

lives by the breath/Spirit of God

is enabled to cognize everything that belongs to the dominion of men

{Genesis 1:26–28; 2:7; John 14; 15; 16; 17; Wisdom 2:23; 7}

The concept of human essence (soul–heart–mind) and its connection with God and with the world of the structured matter, which accommodates human existence, might be described with the following chart:

God the Father

↓             ↓

Word–God          Holy Spirit

                            Λογος, Αγια Σοφια         Ο Παρακλητος, το Πνευμα το Αγιον


Human Soul–Heart–Mind



Γνωσις ––––––––––––Σοφια



The reason/intelligence

Γνωμα –– Φρονημα–– Λογισμος

Consciousness–Thinking–Reasoning/Faculty of Deliberation


↓ ↑

Αισθητηρια Οργανα

Sensory Facility – sensory perception/parameters of the matter


↓ ↑

The world composed by derivatives of the Divine Creative Energy of God:

the set of the energy fields,

which makes possible existence of the temporary structured matter–carrier of life

Accordingly, the entire realm of knowledge that accommodates life of human intellect–intelligence–reasoning consists of three interconnected domains:

Knowledge from above – the knowledge of God

and His laws

[[Theology; the levels of Νους and Διανοια]]

Knowledge created by the mind;

for instance, knowledge of the world and human place in it

[[the level of Διανοια; e.g., Philosophy, Logic]]

↓ ↑

Knowledge inferred from the parameters of the world of the structured matter,

which makes possible physical survival

[[the levels of Γνωμα –– Φρονημα–– Λογισμος

and Αισθητηρια Οργανα;

e.g., natural and other sciences]]

Therefore, the proper order of reasoning is focus on God as on the Source of the very life of man and on accomplishment of His commandments as the only way to survive at the earth and to obtain the everlasting life afterward.

A human being obtains proper order of reasoning if the Word–God becomes the στερεωμαΣ18 of his soul–heart–mind: the foundation on which a mortal human being obtains the ισχυος – strength, power, steadfastness – to evolve into the immortal human child of God.

If a human mind is deprived of an ability to perceive and absorb the power form God, such a human being (referred as “living dead,” because he has no place for God, therefore, no life within him) exists at the material level, as the earth/dust – offspring, slave, and food of the arch–evil {Genesis 3:15:16; John 8:34, 43–47}. Although physically he looks like alive (breathes, moves, speaks, acts, consumes, copulates–propagates, etc.), he is spiritual dead that is living by instincts (survival, reproduction), in fear and ignorance: in the darkness and agitation of heart.

From the practical point of view,

1/ focusing on God begins with the choice of the main priorities:


God and His eternal Kingdom of the Light


the evil and the eternal darkness

For the one who has chosen life with God, the first step is separation from the works of the evil: as St. Paul the Apostle writes, let everyone naming the name of Christ depart from iniquity {2 Timothy 2:19}. This processes is completed with the birth from above, when the one becomes the immortal child of God {John 1:12–13; 3:3–7; in John 3:7: γεννηθηναι ανωθεν (γεννηθηναι as a derivative of γενναω – to give birth, to create; ανωθεν – above; from the very beginning, primary; anew)}

2/ the birth from above or creation of (becoming) the immortal child of God, means that the inner man – human soul–heart–mind

has rejected the evil

accepted God’s will as the Absolute Law, as the Absolute Power,

and as the Absolute Good

is created (made anew) by the Word–God – that is when, within a human essence,

the Word–God becomes the στερεωμα of a new immortal world)

receives the life–giving Light of God – His Word, Λογος, the Law/Code of the eternity

absorbs the knowledge of God and Lord Jesus Christ

that is the eternal life

{John 17:3},

because the Word–God has become its foundation/framework – στερεωμα,

{Psalm 17(18):2}

and the Word/Law of God, Λογος, is now its essence

{John 6:53–57; 14:18–23, 28; 15:1–5; 17:3, 6–8, 20–26; James 1:17–18; 1 John 3:2}

is enabled to follow, without any deviation, the will and commandments of God,

which it comprehends, because the Word/Law of God – Λογος, through Whom God creates,

is now its essence, and it became the living temple of the Living God

{in: 1 Peter 1:3–25; 2:1–25; 3:10–22; Ephesians 1:3–23; 2:1–22}:

a/ it lives by Flesh and Blood of the Word–God

{John 1:1–13; 6:53–58}

b/ its life is sustained by the Word–God

as daily bread and life–giving water sustain life of a man of flesh

{John 6:32–58}

c/ it is guided and educated and made alive/lives by the Holy Spirit

{John 14:15–26; 15:26–27; 16:7–11, 13–15}

Hence, those who have chosen God and His Kingdom, accomplish their way to God by following the Light – the teachings of Lord Jesus Christ, the Word–God, Who came into the world to guide those who are of God into the Kingdom of God the Father of Lights {John 1:1–13; 3:16–21; 8:12; 9:4–5; 14:6; 17:6; James 1:17–18}. Their search for wisdom and understanding is completed with acceptance of the Word–God Who becomes the στερεωμα of their heart–mind and through Whom they are perfected in love of God and prepared for the coming of the life–giving Holy Spirit and receiving the gifts of God: wisdom and knowledge {Luke 12:49; John 14; 15; 16; 17}, as well as the power to embody them into own life.

Thus, the very beginning of life in God is the moment of acceptance of God’s words as the Absolute Truth and commandments of God as the Absolute Wisdom.

Then, love, mercy, and perfection of God, which man should imitate according to the commandments of the Word–God, Lord Jesus Christ {Matthew 5:48; Luke 6:36; John 13:34}, must be acknowledged as the Absolute Good.

Then, the degree of comprehension of knowledge of God, that is the degree of evolution of man, is evaluated by the deeds of love, mercy, and assistance to the others that it through creating the good for the others {Luke 6:46–49; James 2:17–26; 1 John 3:14:21}.

Hence, apostasy as rejection of God is destruction of the universe–cosmos, within which the mind came into existence to accomplish the purposes of development–evolution: after rejection of the original absolute truth, the apostate’s mind becomes displacedΣ512 and remains in such a state until it creates its new world according to its new religion/ideology, believes, etc. [[there are two categories of the displaced mind: common apostates that plunge into the common pool of degenerates serving general destruction, and particular apostates that orient themselves toward particular kinds of destruction of the system/establishment based on the truth/religion/knowledge that they rejected; for instance, perversion of religion, corruption of morals and educations, arrangement of unrest and revolution]]

In conclusion,

1/ Wisdom is the power to act in accordance with the knowledge of God, and wisdom is the state, in which man

a) is enabled to act as the co–worker of God {Θεου γαρ εσμεν συνεργοι1 Corinthians 3:9}

b) is the God’s field and building/construction {Θεου γεωργιον, Θεου οικοδομη1 Corinthians 3:9} – the space prepared for the works of God

c) is the creation perfected and empowered by the Holy Spirit, by knowing God, and by abiding in the Love of God {John 14:15–26; 15:1–17; 17; 1 John 4:7–21}

2/ The knowledge of God might be defined as the state of preparedness to accept wisdom and to act as the co–worker of God: to do the works of God

3/ The place/temple of Wisdom – Αγια Σοφια with Whom everything is possible – within man is built through

acceptance of God’s words as the Absolute Truth

acknowledgment of love and perfection and mercy of God as the Absolute Good

Imitation of God according to the commandments of Lord Jesus Christ

that is also embodiment of the Absolute Good of God into virtues,

just and righteous reasoning, and love to the others, so, the Absolute Good of God becomes the Absolute Good of man

creation of the good for the others,

for which man is enabled by the Love and perfection – the Absolute Good of God

comprehension of the Word–God – Λογος, Αγια Σοφια as the Absolute Wisdom,

as the universal Law/Code by Whom the κοσμος (universe, world, order) of man is established

and new everlasting world – immortal human child of God – comes into the being

As the one could infer from the Holy Scriptures, the birth into the eternity [[or the evolution of a human being – mortal creature of dust into the immortal human child of God]]

a) is initiated by the Light of the world – the Word–God, in Whose name the Holy Spirit of God comes {John 14:26}

b) might be envisioned as actualization of the same pattern according to which, with coming of the lightΣ23, the κοσμος (universe–world–order) of man was created {Genesis 1} from the imperceptible unseen prime matter [[as it is written in Genesis 1:2: Η δε γη ην αορατος και ακατασκευαστος, καi σκοτος επανω της αβυσσον]].

An application of the pattern of creation of the worldΣ23 to a human being allows comprehension of the inner essence of man, or the human soul–heart–mind, or the mind as the space/field for creative works of God: the universe, within which the new world comes into the being. This world of the inner man is the Kingdom of God {Luke 17:20–21}, which is built by the Light – by the Holy Wisdom of God, the Word–God, and by the Holy Spirit; it grows into the eternity as the mighty tree grows from a small seed cast/planted into the earth {Mark 4:26–32}.

Therefore, if any mortal man – whoever he is and whatever place within the human world and human establishments he has, wants to obtain the everlasting life, he should ask from God

the great mercies:

the purification of the heart

followed with

the wisdom to comprehend the law/commandments of God

the power to accomplish the law/commandments of God,

so the will of God be done on the earth as it is in Heaven

{Matthew 6:10; Luke 11:2}

God is everything of man, and only knowledge of the commandments of God – that is the knowledge of the law according to which the human nature was created in harmony with the nature of the world that accommodates human existence, might enable man to be successful in all his endeavors, would he be either a rich king or a poor market cleaner.

Otherwise, as the Old Testament prophets write,

we ask of help and deliverance, yet receive nothing in return,

because we trust in vanities and bring forth iniquities,

because our sins separate us from God,

and knowledge and truth and understanding are no more with us

{Isaiah 59:1–15; Hosea 4:6}

we have sown much, but brought in little, we have eaten, and are not satisfied;

we have closed ourselves, and have not become warm;

and he that earns wages has gathered them into a bag full of holes

{Haggai 1:6}

we seek enlightenment, clarity, and judgment, yet they are no more,

and we wander in darkness and perplexity,

and salvation has gone far from us

{Isaiah 59:9–11}


a/ if one trusts in idols, he becomes unable to perceive truth

b/ if one builds on the sand, his efforts are fruitless

c/ if one has forgotten the simple truth that God protects those who trust in Him and ask His help, that only God has mercy on the sinners, heals His creations, and delivers them out of their complete ruin {Psalm 30(31); 31(32); 45(46); 49(50):14–23; 50(51); 90(91); 106(107)}, then, there is no exit from the slavery to the evil, ignorance, lawlessness, despair, and darkness of separation from God

d/ if one lives in the darkness of ignorance and perplexity, he lives in the mental fog similar to the PhoenicianΣ131 after–life – the realm of the infernal blinding and separating fog, in which the dead souls wander helplessly and lonely, isolated, forgotten by God and by men, unable to perceive anything, deprived of any chance to find the way to the light and life.

The mind, which rejects God, loses the access to the spiritual knowledge and becomes unable to obtain wisdom; such a mind operates at the levels of Διανοια, Γνωμα ––Φρονημα––Λογισμος, and Αισθητηρια Οργανα, which maintain physical survival. Gradually, existence of the mind, which has lost access to the spiritual knowledge and wisdom, becomes limited with the functions, which maintain only physical survival, or life of flesh: only sensory faculty and the lower levels of the reasoning, including imagination, work. For such a mind, materialismΣ112 becomes the actuality and the way of life.

If the mind rejects life of spirit and accepts materialism as the reality, it cuts itself from the life at the highest level – the level of Νους: it deprives itself of the access to the life–creating divine energy that comes through the Word–God. Then, it feeds itself with self–produced knowledge assembled from the images created with the information received through the sensory faculty – the lowest level of the human essenceΣ11. Such way of existence – by the figments of imagination – is some kind of spiritual self–eating that, at the level of the structured matter (body), might be likened to self–cannibalism.

The Parable of the Prodigal Son – about the one who left house of the Father, squandered his inheritance and, being in need, longed to fill himself with the food of pigs {Luke 15:11–32} illustrates the case, when the human reasoning/mind plunges in inappropriate for it low–level simplified reality, or, for instance, when the energy carried by images of the temporal disintegrating matter takes the place of the energy of life coming from God. Then, only by the mercy of God could such a being embrace entirety of human life – harmony of the spirit–intelligence–matter that is focused on God and is evolving into the immortal being.

The process of transformation/anti–evolution (or degeneration) of the mind, which originally was sustained by the divine energy–knowledge of immortal perfect God, into the mind, which is sustained by the knowledge of mortal dissipating flesh, is completed, when knowledge of idols takes the place of knowledge of the only One True God that sustains the actuality–life. The ancient theologians referred to this process as to spiritual deathΣ328, or transformation into the living dead – the human beast: apostasy signifies the process of spiritual dying [[collapse→disintegration–destruction→death]].

The living dead/apostate is transformed into the one walking in the darkness who does not know where he is going, of whom it is said that he has ears and eyes, yet is not able to perceive and to comprehend {Isaiah 6:9–10; Mark 4:12; John 12:35–43}; the apostate’s mind becomes unable to create the adequate knowledge of life, which can be created only with wisdomΣ9. Gradually, such a mind loses abilities

to comprehend the nature, and therefore, purposesΣ529 and behavior of creations of God

to comprehend the laws, which control the world of the matter and determine the manner and outcome of life and the time of death/destruction of systems within the world of the matter

to apply the knowledge of these laws at all levels of complexity, at which a human being operates (own mind, own body, own creations) toward survival, evolution/development, and reaching the optimum – the abundant good for people and systems created by people.

Hence, the set of symptoms indicating that a particular mind is losing wisdom includes

a shift of the focus of reasoning

[[from the thoughts that are of God to the thoughts that are not of God]]

loss of adequacy of consideration

[[shift from the highest to the lower levels of complexity;

e.g., the mind begins to operate with logic of simplificationΣ211]]


transformation of a creator into a destroyer

[[initiation and execution of the Διαφθορων patternΣ3]]

In the terms of systems logic, the mind of apostate might be defined as collapsing/disintegrating system, in which system–maintaining cohesive power does not function according to the nature of the original system and the wholeness–life is no more.

The ancient prophets {e.g., in: Isaiah 1:4–7, 23–23; 8:21–22; 9:13–20; 59:2–15; Jeremiah 7:5–11, 28–29; 9:2–9; Zephaniah 3:1–7} portrayed the collapsing world of the apostates. The observer might infer that they identified the common pattern of disintegration, because their writings, with the striking precision, describe also the current world, where the nations, which in the recent Past were envied as the powerful and rich, became the divided collapsing houses {in: Mark 3:24–27} of impoverished and corrupted people who turned away from God and undergo annihilation, yet still believe that they could obtain the good for themselves by doing evil to the others. Such nations lost the wholenessΣ378 – life, and therefore no more possess the potency of survivalΣ32; they are divided and transformed into sets of groups that

fight with each other and commit crimes for the sake of access to the coercive powerΣ281 and possibilities to appropriate the national/common resources for own enrichment

betray and besmear each other, live in fear and distress, yet, speak ill of authorities and laws

mistakenly believe that they could obtain security, happiness, and prosperity, and all good things by depriving the others of their life and possession

have corrupted and ignorant criminals as their rulers, educators, and priests

live in ignorance, poverty, and sickness of body and mind

are fed with propaganda and lies instead of truth and are manipulated with false slogans of liberty and freedoms, while they are enslaved with evil, sin, and ignorance and led to their ruin as the sheep are led to slaughter.

Are not such people deprived even of understanding that they have failed? Then, if they are unable to comprehend and acknowledge their failure, how they ever could find the reasons of their misery and root them out?

Indeed, the greatest wisdom of any human being – the simplest one as well as any king/ruler/leader – is comprehension, observance, and accomplishment of the law of God.

Consequently, the standard–order/main pattern of human reasoning should be following the reasoningΣ6 of Christ – Λογος, the Word–God, through Whom everything that exists came into being {John 1:1–3, 10}, and because of Whom the Holy Spirit comes to abide with a human being and to be in human being {John 14:13–26} giving the precious gifts of knowledge, wisdom, and power.

Otherwise, the destiny of any society, establishment, kingdom, state, which harbors people in whom there is no God, is collapse and disintegration, as it happened, for instance, with the kingdom of Solomon the wisest ruler of all times: the ancient Israel.


Notes Numbers (e.g., Σ6) refer to Notes to Selections_&_Reprints


Post is excerpt from Introduction to Apostasy; it also is included in Selections_&_Reprints. Part 4

Both files – Apostasy and Selections_&_Reprints are offered for download

(pdf portfolio and single file version) @ Library  page of this website