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Sunday, October 6, 2019

Concept of Human Reason: Theological Foundation

οτι χωρις εμου ου δυνασθε ποιειν ουδεν

…Apart from Me, you are not able to do anything…

{John 15:5}

Lord Jesus Christ, Who is Λογος – the Word–God, and Αγια Σοφια – the Holy Wisdom of God with Whom and through Whom God creates, Who came to actualize the universal unavoidable and unchangeable Law {Matthew 5:17–18; Luke 16:16–17; John 1:1–3, 10; Proverbs 8:22–31; Ephesians 1:3–4, 10; 2:10}, tells His disciples that without Him, they are able of nothing {John 15:5: οτι χωρις εμου ου δυνασθε ποιειν ουδεν – apart of Me, not empowered to do, nothing}. He came down from the Heaven to do the will of God the Father {with Whom He is One – John 10:30} at the earth, and this will is that everyone perceiving the Son and believing in Him shall be resurrected and shall have the life everlasting. God the Father is in Him, and He is in the Father; He is the Way, the Truth, and the Life; the knowledge of Him and knowledge of God the Father – knowledge that Lord Jesus Christ gives – is the everlasting life, and all who come to God, come only through Him, through the Word–God {John 5:24–30; 6:38–40, 44–47; 11:25–26; 12:44–50; 14:6–12; 17:3, 6–8}. He and Father is One – the Absolute, the Source of life {John 5:24–27; 10:30; 17:2–3, 17–26}, Who creates and gives and sustains life.

Hence, the acts of the Word–God, Λογος, Αγια Σοφια, reveal the unity of the Law/will and the Power and the Energy that gives everlasting life, enables to create, and enables to accomplish: to bring the fruits – the deeds of love {John 15:1–16; Matthew 21:33–39; Isaiah 5:1–7}. Only the one, who abides in the Word–God and loves Him by keeping His commandments, receives the power to act according to the will of God: to do His works {John 14:11–14} – the deeds of love that serve the life.

To act according to the will of God and to do His works means

to know God

to be able to identify and to accomplish

the universal unavoidable and unchangeable Law

explained by the Word–God in His words and commandments

to embody the Law into own thoughts, words, and deeds –

into the reality of own existence

{Matthew 5:17–18, 48; Luke 6:36; 16:16–17;

John 1:1–18; 13:34–35; 14:6–14, 23–28; 15; 16; 17}

Cognition of God – comprehension of the Absolute Good of God – should be confirmed through embodiment of the obtained knowledge into the one’s life: the life of mind and the life of body.

Accomplishment of the ultimate purposes, for the sake of which every human being comes into the world [[these purposes include to find God – that is to save own soul: to be born of God, and to obtain the everlasting life]], starts with an ability to hear and to perceive–comprehend the words of God: to have the place within [[χωρει εν υμινJohn 8:37, where χωρει is a derivative of χωρα (χωρη) – space, place, position, settings]] for the words of God, so the life–giving words of God that the Spirit is and the life are {πνευμα εστι και ζωη εστινJohn 6:63} would work for the good of man preparing him for the eternal life {in: John 6:47, 62–63, 68–69; 8:37, 43, 51; 10:27–30}.

In other words, all begins, if the Word–God initiates life of the one’s intellect–heart–mind, so, for instance, the one could make the immediate inferences from the words of God, starting with understanding that the one may become the likeness of the Word–God by accomplishing commandments of God, by cognition of the Absolute Good of God, and by imitating God; then, he might be enabled to enter the eternity in the presence of God {John; 1 John; 2 Peter 1}.

When Lord God Jesus Christ speaks of the first great commandment, He mentions three components of human essence; by the entirety (εν ολη) of each one of them a human being should love God: heart (τη καρδια), soul (τη ψυχη), and mind (τη διανοια) {Matthew 22:37–38; Mark 12:29–30}.

In The Gospel According to Mark, one more component is named: εξ ολης τυς ισχυος, which is translated “with all your strength” {Mark 12:30} [[the same is also in Luke 10:25–27, where a person knowing the law – νομικος – speaks of his perception of the greatest commandment of God]].

The word ισχυος conveys also meaning of abilities as forcefulness, the power to act [[possession with an ability is inseparable from possession with the power; if a person is able, it means that he has the power to act]], steadfastness (especially, as the strength of mind), might, and invincibility.

The entire set of the meanings of ισχυος allows comprehension of the logical block εξ ολης τυς ισχυος as “from/out of the wholeness of might/abilities/power,” therefore, as an actualization of the very life/being. The ισχυος  as the power, which is enabling operations of soul, heart, and mind and their synergy [[that is, in fact, the cohesive power]], unifies the components of the human essence (soul–heart–mind) into the wholeness: the purposeful focused entity that lives by the love of God.

In other words, it might be said that, in his love to God, a human being is empowered to exist as the entirety–unity of heart–soul–mind focused on God; for instance, when David speaks to God Who saved him from his enemy, he speaks of his love to God, Who is his might/power and his foundation, connecting love of a human being–creature to the power and might of God the Creator {Psalm 17(18)}: Αγαπησω Σε, Κυριε ισχυς μου. Κυριος Στερεωμα μου, και καταφυγη μου, και Ρυστης μουI love Thee, O Lord, my strength. The Lord is my firmament [[στερεωμα]], and my refuge, and my Deliverer.

One of the attributes of God revealed to man is His absolute power over His creations – the power of the Almighty Spirit {Exodus; Deuteronomy; Zachariah 4:6; John 4:24} before Whom all armies, weapons, and other components of human “might” are the particles of dust.

Then, St. John the Apostle conveys the words of God concerning the state of being–existing–dwelling in love of God, and he writes about the Word–God as about the world–saving Love {John 3:16–17; 15:4–6; 17:21–26; 1 John 4:8–17}. The world might be saved only by the power of God Who created it: God the Almighty Love is also the Omnipotent Absolute Power, and, for a human being, to love God means to live.

The key to understanding of the inseparable connection of love to God, power, and life is in the words of the Lord:

– “As loved Me the Father, I also love you; stay (be placed) in love – Me (μεινατε εν τη αγαπη τη Εμη). If you keep (fulfill) My commandments, you will dwell in love of Me, as I have kept (accomplished) the command of My Father and dwell (μενω – to stay, to dwell, to remain, to be unmoved in, to be unchangeable) in love of Him {John 15:9–10}

– “apart of Me, are empowered of nothing (ου δυνασθε)” {John 15:5}.

Therefore, when the one speaks of Lord God Jesus Christ {John 1:1–4, 9–10; 9:5; 10:30; 14; 15; 16; 17; 1 John}, the Son of God, the Word–God, Λογος, Αγια Σοφια, Who is the Light and the Way and the Truth and the Life, through Whom all that exist came into existence, and Who is One with the Father, the one also speaks of Love as of the Power that creates and sustains life, for instance, ignites life–wisdom of a human essence: soul–heart–mind.

On the basis of The Gospel According to John and other texts of the Holy Scriptures, the Christian – Greek Orthodox – theologians [Maximus the Confessor, Thalassios the Libyan, Symeon New Theologian, Gregory the Theologian, John of Damascus, Gregory of Sinai, Gregory of Nyssa, Gregory Palamas, and the others, in: Philokalia; One Hundred and Fifty Chapters; and the others] composed the concept of human intellect, intelligence, wisdom, and knowledge.

In the contemporary terms, the inferences from this concept include

a supposition that human wisdom is the unity of the will, ability, and power to create the good according to the will of God: to cognize/comprehend knowledge, which instructs the evolving mind, and then, to embody the acquired knowledge into own way of life and into the world, which sustains human existence; therefore, to accomplish the purposes for the sake of which a human being has been created

understanding that a human being might be described as the wholeness – the unity of soul (spirit, heart), intelligence (mind), and body (matter, flesh). The essence of man – the inner man – is soul–heart–mind, which carries the image and likeness of God.

The Greek theologians discerned three parts/components of the human essence, or it might be said that they assumed that the soul–heart–mind operates at three levels: intellect – νους, reason/intelligence – διανοια, and the reasoning, or the faculty of deliberation – γνωμαφρονημαλογισμος [[see Chart 1. The Mind in Note 13]].

The intellect – νους is the highest level of human essence, or “the depths of soul” or the core of “the heart” in different works of the theologians, or, in the contemporary terms, the cognizing core/center that carries the life – the power (received from God) to initiate and to control/maintain operations/functioning of a being as the unity of the soul–spirit, mind–wisdom–knowledge, and matter–body–flesh.

By νους, the mind recognizes, loves, and knows God – Λογος, and receives from God the Creator the spiritual knowledge – γνωσις and wisdom – σοφια. Both – γνωσις and σοφια – are the gifts of God, with which God’s Love heals, purifies, leads through the path of evolution, and perfects His creation.

The spiritual knowledge – γνωσις – might be envisioned as a result of silent contemplation of God by νους – the core/essence of soul–heart–mind. During this state, the mind absorbs the divine energy of creation, which sustains life.

Hence, wisdom – σοφια – might be described as the state–condition–being–existence of being connected with God and absorbing the power/energy, or the state of being empowered with the Divine Energy {as it is said in: Psalm 17(18):2Κυριε ισχυς μου the Lord my strength/power/might}, which is coming from God and which is enabling the human reason/mind:

Wisdom evokes and empowers life of the reason

Wisdom makes possible cognition of God’s creations,

comprehension of the nature of the world, nature of its inhabitants,

and human nature

Wisdom sustains development/evolution of man and his world

and enables to set the purposes and to accomplish them

The Reason/Intelligence – διανοια is the state–being of cognition, in which the divine energy of creation received from God is transformed into the human thoughts and human knowledge. Διανοια is translated as the mind {Matthew 22:37}.

It is the ancient prophecy: “I will make a new covenant… I will surely put My laws into their mind and write them on their hearts; and I will be to them God, and they shall be to Me a people. And they shall not teach every one his fellow citizen, and every one his brother saying: Know the Lord; for all shall know Me from the least of them to the greatest of them, for I will be merciful to their iniquities, and their sins I will remember no more” {Jeremiah 38:31–36; also ref. in: Hebrews 10:15–17}.

The prophesy has been fulfilled, when Lord Jesus Christ established the new covenant by His Blood {Matthew 26:27–28; Mark 14:24; Luke 22:20; 1 Corinthians 11:23–25} and promised to send the Holy Spirit from God the Father to those who love Him by observing His commandments: when the Holy Spirit comes, He teaches all according to the will of God {John 14:15–26; 15:26; 16:13–15}.

Since, as St. John the Apostle writes {1 John 2:3–29; 3:1–24; 4:1–21; 5:1–5, 19–21; 2 John 6, 9}, the Christians

love God by observing His commandments

know that they cognized God by observing His commandments

know that their sins are forgiven

for the sake of the Name of Lord Jesus Christ, the Son of God, the Word–God

through faith in Lord Jesus Christ, overcome the world of the evil

love their brethren and keep themselves out of the evil and sin,

making the evil irrelevant to their soul–heart–mind and body:

to their thoughts, words, and actions

recognize God’s presence through the presence of the Holy Spirit,

because He came and gave them the Light and the intelligence to cognize True God

and to abide in His Son – Jesus Christ, Who is the True God and Life everlasting

by adhering to and abiding in the teachings of Christ,

they have God – the Father and the Son

The ancient Israelites were told that a human being shall not live on bread alone, but on every word of God {Deuteronomy 8:3; Luke 4:4}. Lord Jesus Christ came to give Himself, the Word–God, as the Daily Bread of immortality {John 6:30–58}.

Since, by the Word–God the soul–heart–mind of a Christian lives, and through Him, obtains the gifts of the Holy Spirit, which for a Christian are more precious than all treasures and values of the physical life. The true – actual – life of man is life of his spirit, and not life of flesh, because Lord God Jesus Christ said: it is the Spirit that makes alive; the flesh does not profit – nothing! The words that the Word–God gives the Spirit is and life are {John 6:63}; by them, a Christian lives.

Consequently, the one can infer that Νους and Διανοια compose the inner space where the promise of God is actualized into the reality of human life and the referred above ancient prophecy {Jeremiah 38:31–36}, as well as others concerning human evolution as the ascent to God, might be fulfilled.

A human being has to prepare the place/space/field {χωρει εν υμινJohn 8:37; Θεου γεωργιον1 Corinthians 3:9} for the wisdom/power coming from God: this place/space/field is the human essence – the soul–heart–mind, or the inner man {of whom St. Peter the Apostle and St. Paul the Apostle write: ο κρυπτος της καρδιας ανθρωπος – the hidden heart of man, in: 1 Peter 3:4, and the inner man who is being renewed ο εσωθεν ανακαινουταιday by day, while the outer man (body of flesh) is being decayed, in: 2 Corinthians 4:16}, or briefly, the mind.

From the Gospels and writings of the Apostles, the one can infer a distinction between

the outer man – a perceivable material object, a man of flesh that is aged, decayed, and with each day is closer to return into the dust, from which man was taken {Genesis 3:20}

and

the inner man – the soul–heart–mind that is in a process of preparing for the eternity with God and is being renewed/evolves – into the immortal being.

The difference between them is the difference

a/ between

life by the material values – materialism, which sustain the temporal existence

within the world of structured and disintegrating matter:

life, which is a precursor of the eternal separation from God

and

life by the spiritual values, mercy, and love in imitation of the Absolute Good of God

explained by Lord Jesus Christ, the Son of God:

life, which is a precursor of the eternal life in the presence of God

b/ between

the one who is focused on the material perceivable objects

and discards the inner (unseen) essence

and

the one who considers the unseen (spiritual) and everlasting,

and not the seen/perceivable (material things), which is temporary and perishing,

in whom the inner man

{in: 1 Peter 3:4; 2 Corinthians 4:16}

who initially, as all living beings, lives by the breath of life coming from God

{Genesis 2:7}

ultimately, might evolve into the one living by the Holy Spirit

{in: John 11:25–26; 14:15–26; 17;

1 Peter; 2 Peter; 1 John; 1 Corinthians 15:34–58}

c/ between

the mind that lives by figments of human imagination (myths and idols)

and worship own creations (idols and myths embodied into human establishments)

and

the mind that lives by the Word–God and worships God the Spirit

in spirit and truth

{John 4:23–24; 6:44–47; 14:6–7}

The Word–God creates the foundation – στερεωμα, the firmament of the new world {Genesis 1:6; James 1:18; 1 Peter 1:23–25} within the human essence and gives the knowledge of God that is the everlasting life: on the στερεωμα, by the Holy Spirit, the immortal child of God is created–built–established with knowledge of God, Power of God, and Energy issuing from God {in: Psalm 103(104):30Εξαποστελεις το Πνευμα Σου και κτισθησονται Thou shall send forth Thy Spirit and they shall be created( established/made); Psalm 17(18):1–2: Αγαπησω Σε, Κυριε ισχυς μου. Κυριος στερεωμα μου I love Thee, O Lord, my strength. The Lord is my firmament; John 1:1–4, 12–13; 3:5–6; 7:37–39; 16:13–15; Ephesians 2:19–22}.

Consciousness/Thinking/Reasoning/Faculty of Deliberation γνωμαφρονημαλογισμος, which, in secular studies, often is referred simply as the mind, is a conceptual, logical, reasoning faculty, through which a human being creates knowledge of the world, imagines things, and enables transmission–sharing–communication of such knowledge.

However, the consciousness–thinking–reasoning might be also envisioned as just a function of διανοια: as a channel, which connects διανοια with the sensory faculty and the world of the matter. The consciousness–thinking–reasoning operates with the knowledge created by διανοια and with information created by the functions of the flesh/matter and received through the senses – Αισθητηρια Οργανα.

In other words, the senses are the channels, through which information identifying parameters of the matter flows. This information sustains connection of διανοια with the world: the senses supply the mind with information, which is necessary for existence, orientation, evaluation, achievement of the purposes, development/evolution of the soul–heart–mind and survival of a body–flesh within the world of the matter.

In summary,

The human reason is a certain manifestation of the Divine Creative Energy–Will–Power coming from Λογος/Αγια Σοφια, the Word–God, that creates the human mind and sustains its existence within the world of material things. Through human mind, the energy given by God enters the world and, having been embodied into arrangements of the temporary stabilized matter, enables survival and development–evolution of the material world.

In other terms, the human reason is actualization of Λογος at the level that controls and enables operations of the material world given into the dominion of men.

In 1 Corinthians 2:6–16, St. Paul the Apostle writes concerning the Holy Wisdom given by the Holy Spirit, the power of God, which is the foundation of faith, and of intelligence, reason, mind of those who just/exactly follow the reasoning of Christ {δε νουν Χριστου εχομεν 1 Corinthians 2:15–16}. Such exact following the reasoning of Christ – Λογος/Αγια Σοφια is actualization of the power of God by a new being, a certain firstfruit of His creations born by the Word of Truth: the inner man/human essence – soul–heart–mind that is created in image of the Word–God and that operates according to the nature defined by the image of the Word–God and likeness {James 1:17–18; 1 Peter 1:13–25; 1 John 3:1–2; Ephesians 2:1–10}.

Only when the human mind receives the Divine Energy from God and operates as manifestation of Λογος, with the power (wisdom) received from God and according to the law–will of God, a human being might be referred to as to an intelligent being: the one who

possesses the power of reason

according to the nature of man created in image of God and likeness

lives by the breath/Spirit of God

is enabled to cognize everything that belongs to the dominion of men

{Genesis 1:26–28; 2:7; John 14; 15; 16; 17; Wisdom 2:23; 7}

The concept of human essence (soul–heart–mind) and its connection with God and with the world of the structured matter, which accommodates human existence, might be described with the following chart:

God the Father

↓          ↓

Word–God         Holy Spirit

                                                 Λογος, Αγια Σοφια       Ο Παρακλητος, το Πνευμα το Αγιον

–––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––

Human Soul–Heart–Mind

Νους

Intellect

Γνωσις ––––––––––––Σοφια

Knowledge–––––––––Wisdom

Διανοια

The reason/intelligence

Γνωμα –– Φρονημα–– Λογισμος

Consciousness–Thinking–Reasoning/Faculty of Deliberation

–––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––

↓      ↑

Αισθητηρια Οργανα

Sensory Facility – sensory perception/parameters of the matter

–––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––

↓      ↑

The world composed by derivatives of the Divine Creative Energy of God:

the set of the energy fields,

which makes possible existence of the temporary structured matter–carrier of life

 

Accordingly, the entire realm of knowledge that accommodates life of human intellect–intelligence–reasoning consists of three interconnected domains:

Knowledge from above – the knowledge of God

and His laws

[[Theology; the levels of Νους and Διανοια]]

Knowledge created by the mind;

for instance, knowledge of the world and human place in it

[[the level of Διανοια; e.g., Philosophy, Logic]]

↓       ↑

Knowledge inferred from the parameters of the world of the structured matter,

which makes possible physical survival

[[the levels of Γνωμα –– Φρονημα–– Λογισμος

and Αισθητηρια Οργανα;

e.g., natural and other sciences]]

Therefore, the proper order of reasoning is focus on God as on the Source of the very life of man and on accomplishment of His commandments as the only way to survive at the earth and to obtain the everlasting life afterward.

A human being obtains proper order of reasoning if the Word–God becomes the στερεωμα of his soul–heart–mind: the foundation on which a mortal human being obtains the ισχυος – strength, power, steadfastness – to evolve into the immortal human child of God.

If a human mind is deprived of an ability to perceive and absorb the power form God, such a human being (referred as “living dead,” because he has no place for God, therefore, no life within him) exists at the material level, as the earth/dust – offspring, slave, and food of the arch–evil {Genesis 3:15:16; John 8:34, 43–47}. Although physically he looks like alive (breathes, moves, speaks, acts, consumes, copulates–propagates, etc.), he is spiritual dead that is living by instincts (survival, reproduction), in fear and ignorance: in the darkness and agitation of heart.

From the practical point of view,

1/ focusing on God begins with the choice of the main priorities:

either

God and His eternal Kingdom of the Light

or

the evil and the eternal darkness

For the one who has chosen life with God, the first step is separation from the works of the evil: as St. Paul the Apostle writes, let everyone naming the name of Christ depart from iniquity {2 Timothy 2:19}. This processes is completed with the birth from above, when the one becomes the immortal child of God {John 1:12–13; 3:3–7; in John 3:7: γεννηθηναι ανωθεν (γεννηθηναι as a derivative of γενναω – to give birth, to create; ανωθενabove; from the very beginning, primary; anew)}

2/ the birth from above or creation of (becoming) the immortal child of God, means that the inner man – human soul–heart–mind

has rejected the evil

accepted God’s will as the Absolute Law,

as the Absolute Power, and as the Absolute Good

is created (made anew) by the Word–God –

that is when, within a human essence,

the Word–God becomes the στερεωμα of a new immortal world)

receives the life–giving Light of God –

His Word, Λογος, the Law/Code of the eternity

absorbs the knowledge of God and Lord Jesus Christ

that is the eternal life

{John 17:3},

because the Word–God has become its foundation/framework – στερεωμα,

{Psalm 17(18):2}

and the Word/Law of God, Λογος, is now its essence

{John 6:53–57; 14:18–23, 28; 15:1–5; 17:3, 6–8, 20–26; James 1:17–18; 1 John 3:2}

is enabled to follow, without any deviation,

the will and commandments of God,

which it comprehends, because the Word/Law of God – Λογος,

through Whom God creates,

is now its essence, and it became the living temple of the Living God

{in: 1 Peter 1:3–25; 2:1–25; 3:10–22; Ephesians 1:3–23; 2:1–22}:

a/ it lives by Flesh and Blood of the Word–God

{John 1:1–13; 6:53–58}

b/ its life is sustained by the Word–God

as daily bread and life–giving water sustain life of a man of flesh

{John 6:32–58}

c/ it is guided and educated and made alive/lives by the Holy Spirit

{John 14:15–26; 15:26–27; 16:7–11, 13–15}

Hence, those who have chosen God and His Kingdom, accomplish their way to God by following the Light – the teachings of Lord Jesus Christ, the Word–God, Who came into the world to guide those who are of God into the Kingdom of God the Father of Lights {John 1:1–13; 3:16–21; 8:12; 9:4–5; 14:6; 17:6; James 1:17–18}. Their search for wisdom and understanding is completed with acceptance of the Word–God Who becomes the στερεωμα of their heart–mind and through Whom they are perfected in love of God and prepared for the coming of the life–giving Holy Spirit and receiving the gifts of God: wisdom and knowledge {Luke 12:49; John 14; 15; 16; 17}, as well as the power to embody them into own life.

Thus, the very beginning of life in God is the moment of acceptance of God’s words as the Absolute Truth and commandments of God as the Absolute Wisdom.

Then, love, mercy, and perfection of God, which man should imitate according to the commandments of the Word–God, Lord Jesus Christ {Matthew 5:48; Luke 6:36; John 13:34}, must be acknowledged as the Absolute Good.

Then, the degree of comprehension of knowledge of God, that is the degree of evolution of man, is evaluated by the deeds of love, mercy, and assistance to the others that it through creating the good for the others {Luke 6:46–49; James 2:17–26; 1 John 3:14:21}.

Hence, apostasy as rejection of God is destruction of the universe–cosmos, within which the mind came into existence to accomplish the purposes of development–evolution: after rejection of the original absolute truth, the apostate’s mind becomes displaced and remains in such a state until it creates its new world according to its new religion/ideology, believes, etc. [[there are two categories of the displaced mind: common apostates that plunge into the common pool of degenerates serving general destruction, and particular apostates that orient themselves toward particular kinds of destruction of the system/establishment based on the truth/religion/knowledge that they rejected; for instance, perversion of religion, corruption of morals and educations, arrangement of unrest and revolution]]

In conclusion,

1/ Wisdom is the power to act in accordance with the knowledge of God, and wisdom is the state, in which man

a) is enabled to act as the co–worker of God {Θεου γαρ εσμεν συνεργοι1 Corinthians 3:9}

b) is the God’s field and building/construction {Θεου γεωργιον, Θεου οικοδομη1 Corinthians 3:9} – the space prepared for the works of God

c) is the creation perfected and empowered by the Holy Spirit, by knowing God, and by abiding in the Love of God {John 14:15–26; 15:1–17; 17; 1 John 4:7–21}

2/ The knowledge of God might be defined as the state of preparedness to accept wisdom and to act as the co–worker of God: to do the works of God

3/ The place/temple of Wisdom – Αγια Σοφια with Whom everything is possible – within man is built through

acceptance of God’s words as the Absolute Truth

acknowledgment of love and perfection and mercy of God as the Absolute Good

Imitation of God according to the commandments of Lord Jesus Christ

that is also embodiment of the Absolute Good of God into virtues,

just and righteous reasoning, and love to the others,

so, the Absolute Good of God becomes the Absolute Good of man

creation of the good for the others,

for which man is enabled by the Love and perfection –

the Absolute Good of God

comprehension of the Word–God – Λογος, Αγια Σοφια as the Absolute Wisdom,

as the universal Law/Code

by Whom the κοσμος (universe, world, order) of man is established

and new everlasting world – immortal human child of God – comes into the being

As the one could infer from the Holy Scriptures, the birth into the eternity [[or the evolution of a human being – mortal creature of dust into the immortal human child of God]]

a) is initiated by the Light of the world – the Word–God, in Whose name the Holy Spirit of God comes {John 14:26}

b) might be envisioned as actualization of the same pattern according to which, with coming of the light, the κοσμος (universe–world–order) of man was created {Genesis 1} from the imperceptible unseen prime matter [[as it is written in Genesis 1:2: Η δε γη ην αορατος και ακατασκευαστος, καi σκοτος επανω της αβυσσον]].

An application of the pattern of creation of the world to a human being allows comprehension of the inner essence of man, or the human soul–heart–mind, or the mind as the space/field for creative works of God: the universe, within which the new world comes into the being. This world of the inner man is the Kingdom of God {Luke 17:20–21}, which is built by the Light – by the Holy Wisdom of God, the Word–God, and by the Holy Spirit; it grows into the eternity as the mighty tree grows from a small seed cast/planted into the earth {Mark 4:26–32}.

Therefore, if any mortal man – whoever he is and whatever place within the human world and human establishments he has, wants to obtain the everlasting life, he should ask from God

the great mercies:

the purification of the heart

followed with

the wisdom to comprehend the law/commandments of God

the power to accomplish the law/commandments of God,

so the will of God be done on the earth as it is in Heaven

{Matthew 6:10; Luke 11:2}

God is everything of man, and only knowledge of the commandments of God – that is the knowledge of the law according to which the human nature was created in harmony with the nature of the world that accommodates human existence, might enable man to be successful in all his endeavors, would he be either a rich king or a poor market cleaner.

Otherwise, as the Old Testament prophets write,

we ask of help and deliverance, yet receive nothing in return,

because we trust in vanities and bring forth iniquities,

because our sins separate us from God,

and knowledge and truth and understanding are no more with us

{Isaiah 59:1–15; Hosea 4:6}

we have sown much, but brought in little, we have eaten, and are not satisfied;

we have closed ourselves, and have not become warm;

and he that earns wages has gathered them into a bag full of holes

{Haggai 1:6}

we seek enlightenment, clarity, and judgment, yet they are no more,

and we wander in darkness and perplexity,

and salvation has gone far from us

{Isaiah 59:9–11}

Hence,

a/ if one trusts in idols, he becomes unable to perceive truth

b/ if one builds on the sand, his efforts are fruitless

c/ if one has forgotten the simple truth that God protects those who trust in Him and ask His help, that only God has mercy on the sinners, heals His creations, and delivers them out of their complete ruin {Psalm 30(31); 31(32); 45(46); 49(50):14–23; 50(51); 90(91); 106(107)}, then, there is no exit from the slavery to the evil, ignorance, lawlessness, despair, and darkness of separation from God

d/ if one lives in the darkness of ignorance and perplexity, he lives in the mental fog similar to the Phoenician after–life – the realm of the infernal blinding and separating fog, in which the dead souls wander helplessly and lonely, isolated, forgotten by God and by men, unable to perceive anything, deprived of any chance to find the way to the light and life.

The mind, which rejects God, loses the access to the spiritual knowledge and becomes unable to obtain wisdom; such a mind operates at the levels of Διανοια, Γνωμα ––Φρονημα––Λογισμος, and Αισθητηρια Οργανα, which maintain physical survival. Gradually, existence of the mind, which has lost access to the spiritual knowledge and wisdom, becomes limited with the functions, which maintain only physical survival, or life of flesh: only sensory faculty and the lower levels of the reasoning, including imagination, work. For such a mind, materialism becomes the actuality and the way of life.

If the mind rejects life of spirit and accepts materialism as the reality, it cuts itself from the life at the highest level – the level of Νους: it deprives itself of the access to the life–creating divine energy that comes through the Word–God. Then, it feeds itself with self–produced knowledge assembled from the images created with the information received through the sensory faculty – the lowest level of the human essence. Such way of existence – by the figments of imagination – is some kind of spiritual self–eating that, at the level of the structured matter (body), might be likened to self–cannibalism.

The Parable of the Prodigal Son – about the one who left house of the Father, squandered his inheritance and, being in need, longed to fill himself with the food of pigs {Luke 15:11–32} illustrates the case, when the human reasoning/mind plunges in inappropriate for it low–level simplified reality, or, for instance, when the energy carried by images of the temporal disintegrating matter takes the place of the energy of life coming from God. Then, only by the mercy of God could such a being embrace entirety of human life – harmony of the spirit–intelligence–matter that is focused on God and is evolving into the immortal being.

The process of transformation/anti–evolution (or degeneration) of the mind, which originally was sustained by the divine energy–knowledge of immortal perfect God, into the mind, which is sustained by the knowledge of mortal dissipating flesh, is completed, when knowledge of idols takes the place of knowledge of the only One True God that sustains the actuality–life. The ancient theologians referred to this process as to spiritual death, or transformation into the living dead – the human beast: apostasy signifies the process of spiritual dying [[collapse→disintegration–destruction→death]].

The living dead/apostate is transformed into the one walking in the darkness who does not know where he is going, of whom it is said that he has ears and eyes, yet is not able to perceive and to comprehend {Isaiah 6:9–10; Mark 4:12; John 12:35–43}; the apostate’s mind becomes unable to create the adequate knowledge of life, which can be created only with wisdom. Gradually, such a mind loses abilities

to comprehend the nature, and therefore, purposes and behavior of creations of God

to comprehend the laws, which control the world of the matter and determine the manner and outcome of life and the time of death/destruction of systems within the world of the matter

to apply the knowledge of these laws at all levels of complexity, at which a human being operates (own mind, own body, own creations) toward survival, evolution/development, and reaching the optimum – the abundant good for people and systems created by people.

Hence, the set of symptoms indicating that a particular mind is losing wisdom includes

a shift of the focus of reasoning

[[from the thoughts that are of God to the thoughts that are not of God]]

loss of adequacy of consideration

[[shift from the highest to the lower levels of complexity;

e.g., the mind begins to operate with logic of simplification]]

apostasy

transformation of a creator into a destroyer

[[initiation and execution of the Διαφθορων pattern]]

In the terms of systems logic, the mind of apostate might be defined as collapsing/disintegrating system, in which system–maintaining cohesive power does not function according to the nature of the original system and the wholeness–life is no more.

The ancient prophets {e.g., in: Isaiah 1:4–7, 23–23; 8:21–22; 9:13–20; 59:2–15; Jeremiah 7:5–11, 28–29; 9:2–9; Zephaniah 3:1–7} portrayed the collapsing world of the apostates. The observer might infer that they identified the common pattern of disintegration, because their writings, with the striking precision, describe also the current world, where the nations, which in the recent Past were envied as the powerful and rich, became the divided collapsing houses {in: Mark 3:24–27} of impoverished and corrupted people who turned away from God and undergo annihilation, yet still believe that they could obtain the good for themselves by doing evil to the others. Such nations lost the wholeness – life, and therefore no more possess the potency of survival; they are divided and transformed into sets of groups that

fight with each other and commit crimes for the sake of access to the coercive power and possibilities to appropriate the national/common resources for own enrichment

betray and besmear each other, live in fear and distress, yet, speak ill of authorities and laws

mistakenly believe that they could obtain security, happiness, and prosperity, and all good things by depriving the others of their life and possession

have corrupted and ignorant criminals as their rulers, educators, and priests

live in ignorance, poverty, and sickness of body and mind

are fed with propaganda and lies instead of truth and are manipulated with false slogans of liberty and freedoms, while they are enslaved with evil, sin, and ignorance and led to their ruin as the sheep are led to slaughter.

Are not such people deprived even of understanding that they have failed? Then, if they are unable to comprehend and acknowledge their failure, how they ever could find the reasons of their misery and root them out?

Indeed, the greatest wisdom of any human being – the simplest one as well as any king/ruler/leader – is comprehension, observance, and accomplishment of the law of God.

Consequently, the standard order/main pattern of human reasoning should be following the reasoning of Christ – Λογος, the Word–God, through Whom everything that exists came into being {John 1:1–3, 10}, and because of Whom the Holy Spirit comes to abide with a human being and to be in human being {John 14:13–26} giving the precious gifts of knowledge, wisdom, and power.

Otherwise, the destiny of any society, establishment, kingdom, state, which harbors people in whom there is no God, is collapse and disintegration, as it happened, for instance, with the kingdom of Solomon the wisest ruler of all times: the ancient Israel.

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Explanations of mentioned terms (idolatry, wholeness, collapse, etc.) are in Notes to

Selections_&_Reprints and Apostasy

References are in References to Selections_&_Reprints and Apostasy

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This is excerpt from Apostasy; also included in Selections_&_Reprints. Part 4

Download @ Library Page of this website – as single file version and as pdf portfolio (book)

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